The largest asteroid to make a close visit to Earth will pass by the planet on Sunday, making it a golden opportunity for scientists to study the "potentially hazardous asteroid."
The rocky space object, which was discovered 20 years ago and has been tracked over the years, does not present any threat of collision with Earth this year or for centuries to come, NASA said.
Astronomers have named the asteroid 2001 FO32, and say it will pass Earth at about 5 1/4 times the distance between Earth and the moon.
Paul Chodas, the director for the Center for Near Earth Object Studies (CNEOS) said, “There is no chance the asteroid will get any closer to Earth than 1.25 million miles.” CNEOS is managed by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California.
According to experts, 2001 FO32 will fly by Earth at about 77,000 miles per hour, which is faster than the velocity at which most other asteroids have encountered our planet.
Astronomers should have an opportunity to study the asteroid's size as it passes Earth, as well as how bright and reflective its surface is, and get an understanding of its composition.
You can help gather information about 2001 FO32 as well. According to NASA, the asteroid will be at its brightest as it passes through southern skies. Those in the southern hemisphere of Earth, or those who are at low northern latitudes on our planet will be able to see the asteroid by using a moderately sized telescope. Your telescope will need to have an aperture of at least 8 inches.
The next time 2001 FO32 will make a pass by Earth at this distance will be in 2052, when it will fly by our planet at about seven times the distance of our moon.